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The High Pitched Beauty of the Flute

The flute is a member of the woodwind family and is played by blowing air across the mouth of the instrument instead of using a reed, which makes it rather distinct from most other woodwind instruments.

It appears that the flute has been around for thousands of years and predates many of the instruments most are familiar with today. In fact, there have been flutes found that have been dated to be as old as 30,000 years. There have been many flutes found that have been made out of the bones of animals or out of different kinds of wood.

To change the sounds that the flute makes, the musician covers the different holes in the body, either with the pad of their fingers or by pressing the keys. The different combinations of open and closed holes in the flute create different pitches and sounds.

The air that the musician puts into the flute can also determine the different pitches. By changing the amount of air the musician blows into the flute, they can create different pitches without needing to worry about opening or closing the holes in the flute.

Changing how loud a flute can be requires a change in the size of the flute. More specifically, the flute would need to have larger holes, a larger resonator and/or more air. It is possibly for these reasons that the flute has been adapted and changed so much throughout history.

Today, there are a few different kinds of flutes. Some flutes are with keys, some are with keys, some are open-ended and others are closed-ended and are referred to as fipple flutes. There are flutes that make deeper, richer sounds and are typically larger flutes. Then, there are flutes that make lighter, higher sounds and are often smaller flutes. Others are a medium sound, meaning that they are not too deep either.

Flutes are not the most difficult instrument to play, but it takes a certain level of discipline and practice in order to gain proper control of how much air is blown into the flute. It also takes a lot of practice to be able to play, which is true with all instruments.

Many will choose to play the flute because they are attracted to the instrument's angel-like sound. The flute has a delicate sound that many enjoy listening to and it is often used by people who are looking for something relaxing to listen to.

The flute is quite possibly one of the oldest musical instruments out there and it could be that the flute is so familiar that most find it comforting. It has been developed and used all over the world and has taken many forms due to the different materials available, as well as the different sounds different people were looking for.

Other than some recent additions of keys on some types of flutes, most flutes are simple and basic. Overall, this beautiful instrument has never really needed any major changes to its design, probably because there is no way to make the sound any more perfect than it already is.


Buying Good Quality Used Tubas

For some reason, everyone loves the sound of a tuba, and they also find it to be one of the funniest instruments around. Tubas are also a staple of many marching bands and high school bands. In fact, why don't you try picturing a marching band or high school band without a tuba? It is not easy, and hence that is the importance that the tuba plays in the musical environment of sports and school.

Of course, when your child decides they want to play the tuba, and yes there are some out there, you are going to have to pay out hundreds of dollars for something they may stop using in a few weeks. No parent wants to put pressure on their children to succeed just because they paid a lot of money to get them something they had an interest in only briefly.

What can you do then, instead of buying a new tuba? Well, one of the best options, if not the best option, is to buy used tubas. When you are looking for a used tuba, you can do no better than visiting a pawn shop. However, it needs to be noted that you are actually quite unlikely to find the tuba you are looking for at a pawn shop because it is not exactly one of the most popular types of instruments out there. This means that you could find yourself doing a lot of searching for a tuba in pawn shops around the city, and you could come up with absolutely nothing as a result.

If you are thinking of getting a used tuba but simply can't find one in your city, then your next best option is to look online. Through used musical instrument websites and auction sites like eBay, you may be able to find the tuba you are looking for. You will stay pay much less than you would if you bought a new tuba, but you will pay a bit more than you would at a pawn shop because of shipping costs.

That being said, don't shy away from checking online and it should actually be the first place you check in the case of a tuba. You do not want to pay too much and even a tuba with shipping won't hurt your pocket book that much, so do a search for used tubas on Google and see what you find.

When you are thinking of having your child learn how to play the tuba, you can't go wrong when you find them a used tuba online or in a store. You just need to be persistent and work to find the tuba you are looking for. It may take some time, but you should be able to find what you are looking for online or in a store. Don't get frustrated and keep concentrating on the amount of money you are going to save when you buy a used tuba and find out that your child has a skill playing the tuba.


The Sachmo of Music and His Extraordinary Life

Despite the claim that he was born on the fourth of July in the year of 1900, baptismal records later confirmed that he was actually born on the fourth of August in the year of 1901. He was born into a poor family that broke up when he was still very young. His father left his mother for another woman and he and his sister often spent much of their time in the care of their grandmother or uncle, who was his mother's brother. It is believed that his first interaction with music came during the time he spent attending school.

From there his interest in music grew. At the early age of eleven, he was singing in the streets with other boys for money. Two of his friends also taught him how to play by ear and he was able to purchase his first musical instrument, the cornet, when he was loaned the money by a Jewish family who befriended him and who he had done some work for. It was when he started to receive lessons and training from a professor of music, who put him in a band that his reputation started to grow.

It was in 1918 when Louis Armstrong started to become well known. He had started to learn how to read music and was performing in a number of solos that allowed him to put in his own expressions through his music. He had his own unique sound that was well appreciated by the audience who listened to him. In 1922, he went to Chicago where he was invited to join Joe "King" Oliver's band. He thoroughly enjoyed being a part of this band, but his second wife encouraged him to leave the band in order to broaden his skills and build on his reputation.

After learning to play some classical music at some churches, he was invited to play with the Fletcher Henderson orchestra. From there his musical career continued to grow along with his reputation. Eventually, he was doing tours all over the place and at one point, during the 1930s, he was performing at more than 300 shows a year. He even appeared in films, on radio and on television. He was always a hard worker and loved what he did until he passed away in July of 1971.

By the end of his career, he was well known for his trumpet and cornet playing, and was known as a band leader, a vocalist and a music ambassador. He was also so influential that he is also viewed as the founder in much of the current music today. He was an extremely talented young man who found his passion in music. His hard upbringing was viewed more as inspiration than a hindrance for him and he used this inspiration to develop his innovative style; an innovative style that could be seen as a small revolution in music because of the change it inspired. Even today, young musicians are inspired by his work and his music is still played. He is yet another artist who will live on in history for his unique and innovative music.


The History Of The Saxophone

One of the most popular instruments in the world is the saxophone. If you doubt how popular it is, you simply have to look at Jazz and try and picture the genre of music without it. The truth is, the saxophone has a history that dates back to the 1840s with Adolphe Sax, who specialized in the clarinet. While working at his father's instrument shop, he began to work on an instrument that was a cross between a clarinet and a brass instrument. Through his work, he used the brass body of the ophicleide, the conical bore of the oboe and the fingering of the flute, with a single reed mouthpiece like the clarinet. The saxophone was truly a Frankenstein of instruments.

In 1846, he applied for a 15-year patent in 1846, which encompassed 14 versions of the design, split into two categories of seven instruments each, which ranged from sopranino to contrabass.

By the time his patent ended in 1866, numerous copies of the saxophone came into being that improved on the design and fingering methods. One improvement was making the bell slightly farther extended and adding one more key to extend the range downwards. While Sax's original fingering techniques were quite simple, they have become more and more difficult, thereby making the range of the saxophone much longer.

The saxophone has become a hallmark of a variety of different music genres, most notably Jazz, where it is an accepted piece of the music that helps the genre develop an amazing sound that cannot be equaled by very many other genres. Beyond that, it is often used in soft rock and other types of classical rock.

During the 1990s, possibly the most famous saxophone player in the world was none other than former president Bill Clinton. Many credit him playing the saxophone on the Arsenio Hall Show in 1992 with helping him win the presidency of the United States because his playing of the saxophone helped him relate to younger voters, who came out in record numbers to elect him.

Overall, the saxophone is one of the most popular types, and coolest, forms of instruments that currently exist. It is often identified with laid-back types of music like Jazz and soft-rock. It has been used by a several different people, including a president, and it is also one of the most difficult types of instruments to master. The Frankenstein of Instruments is truly a revolutionary piece of brass.

The use of the saxophone has expanded over the years. It is not included in more modern classical pieces and is seen more in orchestras. It adds a different sound and color to a work that no other instrument can mimic. It may be made of different instruments, but it does not sound like any other. It is truly a unique instrument.

A saxophone is usually chosen by young musicians for two main reasons. The first is if they intend to play jazz. The second is as a secondary instrument to add to the number of instruments that they can play. This enables them to be able to get more musical jobs later on.


History of the Trumpet In Classical Music

After Bach and Handel, trumpet playing declined. Haydn, the great successor of these two masters, did not do well with trumpets. When Haydn entered the service of Prince Esterhazy, music-loving prince of Austria, his orchestra at first did not include trumpets at all.

As late as 1766, the regular personnel of this orchestra, one of the foremost in Europe, consisted of six violins and violas, one cello, one string bass, one flute, two oboes, two bassoons and four horns but no trumpets or cornets. Several years later the resources of the orchestra were enlarged so that trumpets and tympani could be added when needed.

Even when Haydn did use trumpets, he scored for them so they played an octave or a sixth above the horns. To this thin arrangement he added drums for accompaniment. He probably felt the need of filling in with something, and the drums seemed the most appropriate.

Mozart, who was at first Haydn's pupil but whose genius lifted him to a place above his master, seemed to share Haydn's dislike for trumpets. This antipathy for trumpets was due to an extremely sensitive nature. Until Mozart was ten years old, the sound of the trumpet was excruciatingly painful to him, and he could not endure it.

As an adult he found little pleasure in trumpets, and he used them sparingly. In 1788 he wrote his three greatest symphonies, but in only two of them did he use the trumpet. He could not endure the high clarion parts written by Bach and HandeL He even rearranged some of this music, giving the high clarion parts to the clarinets.

Beethoven generally wrote for two trumpets and often used them as solo instruments. This can hardly be interpreted to mean that Beethoven was particularly fond of the trumpet, for it was a known custom of his to score as much as possible for all players in the orchestra and to pass around the solo parts in order to keep them all interested.

In general he followed the custom of Mozart and Haydn in handling the trumpets, writing for them parts which were an octave, a sixth or sometimes a third above the horns, all to the accompaniment of the pounding of the tympani.

Although it probably was just as well that the trend was away from the high clarion writing of Bach and Handel, the composers who followed failed to invent any writing for the trumpet which was as interesting. Bach and Handel and their predecessors made the trumpet one of the most interesting instruments in the orchestra.

They no doubt went to extreme lengths and exhausted the possibilities along this line, but they have to be given credit for resourcefulness and inventiveness. When composers after Bach and Handel abandoned this style of writing, they failed to bring forth anything to take its place.

They used the trumpets much as bugles are used today in drum corps. The trumpet parts were thin chords whose poverty of design was covered up in the noise of the tympani. They apparently did not think well of the long trumpets on which it was possible to play chromatically in the upper registers.

This kind of playing was a man killer for the trumpeters, but it did have possibilities which some feel were not fully exploited. These old masters also knew about adding crooks to the simple trumpet, in order to obtain, by jumping from one trumpet to the other, something approximating chromatic playing. Wagner's success with this type of instrument shows well enough that Mozart, Haydn and Beethoven overlooked possibilities in the trumpet of their time.

Instead of taking advantage of the long trumpet with its diatonic and chromatic upper registers, and instead of using the trumpet with crooks as did Wagner, they contented themselves with writing thin tonic and dominant chords for these instruments.

Possibly it is expecting too much, even from such geniuses as Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven, to look for trumpet writing beyond the thin chords based on the tonic and dominant. After all, although Wagner did great things on the simple trumpet without valves, he had set before him the example of piston-trumpet performance.

He chose the simple trumpet because he preferred the tone to that of the valve trumpet, but the example of the valve trumpet must have suggested the superior trumpet writing for the simple trumpet. To appreciate what Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven were up against, we need only examine what sort of music is written for the regular military bugle today.

Bugle calls are limited to five or six notes. Other notes are possible, but these five or six are the best in quality and the easiest to blow.

The obstacles in making music with these notes are obvious. They have wide gaps between them, and their range limits the music to a monotonous span. In the upper part of the scale the notes are closer together and have greater musical possibilities, but these notes are hard to play and can be blown only by a few powerful individuals.

Even with the accurately built instruments today, many players cannot hit the ninth and tenth partials; on the crude bugles two hundred years or more ago it is doubtful if many players could go beyond the sixth. It is little wonder that early composers did not think seriously about the musical possibilities of such instruments.


New Orleans Jazz - A Brief History

Jazz is considered an art form particular to America and specifically, New Orleans. But why?

All styles of traditional jazz (swing, Kansas City, dixieland, Chicago, west coast) are unique for any number of reasons, but New Orleans is often thought of as first and foremost in the genre. This is mostly because New Orleans is where it all started. While most Americans were dancing to military marches in the late 1800s, New Orleans was moving more to the sounds of voodoo rhythms and drums. Of course, you don't have to travel far to also feel the strong influence of Delta Blues that combine those famous drumbeats into the style now known as "rhythm and blues" - but that's getting ahead of the story! Rhythm and delta blues, together with the sounds of gospel hymns from early 20th century churches, put together by the local musicians of New Orleans created the style that first came to be known as "jazz."

Although Buddy Bolden is considered one of the first jazz men, he was surpassed by people such as Sidney Bechet, Jelly Roll Morton, and Louis Armstrong. It's not a far leap from the days of those stars to the current flag waivers such as Ellis Marsallis, Wynton Marsalis and Harry Connick Jr. When Papa Jack Lanine's band circa 1885 played, it was noted that he did so in a "ragged time". It's been said that the musicians played in various tempos and that made it "swing". Perhaps so, but Papa Jack was also a consummate clarinetist, teacher and mentor to many of the early jazz musicians.

Improvisation is another key factor in defining the genre that's really known as New Orleans jazz. In classical music, most musicians attempt to play the same songs without varying from one note to the next each time they play a piece. But in jazz, the idea is to use the melody line as a guide and then to play extemporaneous passages based on melody and chord structure.

New Orleans jazz can also be called "hot jazz" or "early jazz", which led to the Lindy Hop dance in Harlem not so many years later. But the real reason New Orleans took off as the birthplace of jazz is because the unique cultural environment of New Orleans in the late 19th and 20th centuries (home to both Spanish and French colonial roots, together with recently freed African slaves) couldn't be found anywhere else. It's still true today - there's no place like New Orleans.

By 1917, the early pioneers of jazz were taking their music on the road. Jazz spread like wildfire from Chicago to New York, all the way from Kansas City to the West Coast. Many musicians continued to evolve the form and left their mark on the evolving style (and still continues today!). New Orleans jazz is alive and well in the city of New Orleans and across the world.

Furthermore, many of the great musicians stayed at home in the 1920s which lead to such great bands as Papa Celestin's Original Tuxedo Jazz Orchstra, A.J. Piron's New Orleans Orchestra, The Sam Morgan Jazz band and many others. None of these musicians became famous in the manner of Louis Armstrong or Jelly Roll Morton, but the truth is the musical scene in New Orleans remains fertile ground for creative musicians united by a common love of that syncopated swing sound known as New Orleans Jazz.


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